Between 1993 and 2006, the 11 First Nations negotiated First Nation-specific agreements with the territorial and federal governments on the basis of the UFA. These agreements have identified terrestrial areas and added unique features that are important to some First Nations. For example, in the agreement, the De Kluane First Nation negotiated a wild sheep brand as an economic development measure. These hunts are sold at auction for significant value to the First Nation. Some agreements have taken longer because of their complexity. Kwanlin Dune First Nation and Ta`an Kwäch`än Council, both based in the Whitehorse area, have had to deal with their relationship with the City of Whitehorse, in addition to other levels of government. In 1984, the negotiations completely collapsed. Yukon First Nations voted to reject a settlement offer that provided significant compensation, but not self-government or co-administration of Yukon lands and resources. Commenting on the decision, Vuntut Gwichin CEO Joe Linklater said, “One of the most difficult decisions of my life was to abstain from a $600 million deal.” In 1985, all parties returned to the negotiating table.
Over the next eight years, they worked together to develop a vision for all Yukon children of tomorrow. Yukon land claims refer to the process of negotiating and settling Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. Based on historical occupation and use, First Nations claim fundamental rights to all countries. In 1993, four agreements with First Nations were signed: the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, the Na-Cho Nyäk Dun First Nation, the Tlingit Teslin Council and the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation. In 1997, Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation and Selkirk First Nation entered into their agreements, followed by Tr`ondëk Hwëch`in First Nation in 1998. The other four First Nations signed agreements in the early 2000s: the Ta`an Kwäch`än Council in 2002, the Kluane First Nation in 2003, the Kwanlin Dune First Nation in 2005 and the Carcross/Tagish First Nation in 2006. Each land claims agreement is also accompanied by a self-government agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas. These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and describe a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for delivering programs or services to its citizens.  Finally, Smith made a comment on privatized research on the progress made in the Yukon. He explains that Yukon First Nations will conduct research, but they need to benefit their own communities, not their external communities. Smith points to the organizations needed to manage land, money and programs in Yukon.  He concluded: “The first five years of implementation will show whether this regulation will be able to do for our children what we intend to do.”  There are 14 First Nations in the Yukon.
Eleven of these countries are self-governing, while the other three are governed by the Indian Act. The 11 self-governing First Nations have legislative and executive powers, much like a province or territory. In 1993, they signed the Final Framework Agreement (MFA) with the governments of Canada and Yukon. The UFA has served as the basis for individual self-government agreements between each First Nation and the territorial and federal governments. These individual agreements were signed between 1993 and 2006. (See also Comprehensive Land Claims.) While this article focuses on the 11 self-governing First Nations, the other three First Nations are in the Yukon White River, Liard and Ross River. There is considerable linguistic overlap among First Nations. Many Kwäday Danes (“people of a long time ago” in southern Tutchone) spoke several languages and in each language there are several dialects. For example, many Southern Tutchone traded with the Tlingit nations of the Alaskan coast. They formalized the trade through recognized partnerships and marriages, so that the majority of Southern Tutchone could speak both languages.
Today, all Yukon First Nations are committed to preserving and improving their language. Unlike most other Canadian land claim agreements that apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations have emphasized that the agreements affect all persons they considered to be part of their nation, whether or not they are recognized as Status Indians under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians created the Council for Yukon Indians (CYI) to negotiate a land claims agreement. The two organizations and the council officially merged in 1980 as the Council for Yukon Indians. In 1995, CYI was renamed the Council of Yukon First Nations. On the 29th. In May 1993, 11 Yukon First Nations and the governments of Canada and Yukon signed the Final Framework Agreement (MFA). The UFA is not a legal document, but a political agreement between the signatory first nations, Yukon and Canada. It forms the basis of the Yukon First Nation`s 11 Final Agreements.
Unlike the UFA, these agreements are legal documents and protected by the Constitution. The Ta`an Kwäch`än Council signed its Final Self-Government Agreements on January 13, 2002 and became a Self-Governing First Nation on April 1, 2002. Before Yukon First Nations regained self-government, the federal government regulated how they could use their lands. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed Yukon lands and resources as all under their ownership.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of these lands. But all Yukon affairs were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).  INAC was responsible for establishing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nations bands implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them.
 Negotiations resumed in the late 1980s and culminated in the Final Framework Agreement (MFA) in 1990. The UFA serves as a framework or model for individual agreements with each of the fourteen federally recognized Yukon First Nations. It was signed in 1993 and the four First Nations ratified their land rights agreements in 1995. To date (January 2016), eleven of the fourteen First Nations have signed and ratified an agreement. Currently, White River First Nation, Liard First Nation and Ross River Dena Council are not negotiating. They remain Indian bands under the federal Indian Act.  Comprehensive land claim agreements – or modern treaties – are agreements that exchange indefinite Indigenous rights for defined contractual rights and ownership of settlement land. Trudeau agreed to work with the YNB, which was the first time in Canada that a comprehensive land claim was accepted for negotiation.
After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic Final Framework Agreement (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the template for negotiating individual land claim agreements (called “Final Agreements”) with each Yukon First Nation. I believe that the future or the children of tomorrow is the “intention” of the final agreements. Cooperation in the search for prosperous and harmonious opportunities is “the spirit”. Yukon remains young. .